Periodontal Maintenance Prosper TX

Gum Disease

Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums that gradually destroys the gum and bone support of your natural teeth.

Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins, or poisons, that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell, and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. As periodontal disease progresses, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss. Daily brushing and flossing and regular professional cleanings can prevent most periodontal conditions.

Other important factors that can contribute to periodontal disease include:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Stress
  • Clenching and grinding teeth
  • Medication
  • Poor nutrition

Management of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is managed initially by our hygienists. Periodontal cleanings require a deeper cleaning that can include a topical numbing of the tissues as well as select antibiotic placement. Some patients require further treatment involving referral to a periodontist and surgical management.